Leadership, Education, and Training (LET 2)JROTC is designed to teach high school students the value of citizenship, leadership, service to the community, personal responsibility, and a sense of accomplishment, while instilling in them self-esteem, teamwork, and self-discipline. Its focus is reflected in its mission statement, “To motivate young people to be better citizens.” It prepares high school students for responsible leadership roles while making them aware of their rights, responsibilities, and privileges as American citizens. The program is a stimulus for promoting graduation from high school, and it provides instruction and rewarding opportunities that will benefit the student, community, and nation.
Unit 4: Wellness, Fitness, and First Aid: You Are What You EatA healthy lifestyle includes good nutrition as well as exercise. You need to eat well to maintain an exercise program. Eating a balanced diet also helps you maintain proper weight and lowers your risk of disease. In this learning plan you will evaluate how proper and improper diet affects your life.
Nutrition—Nourishing Your BodyOur diets have changed during the past 35 years. Americans now have a hurry-up lifestyle where convenience is more important than proper eating habits. For convenience people tend to eat more fast foods and processed foods. Are these convenience foods wise choices? In this learning plan you will explore how nutrients affect your body. You will also analyze the nutrition provided in a restaurant meal.
The Need for First Aid/Your ResponseMost people encounter at least one situation requiring the use of first aid at some time in their lives. Whether a friend falls rollerblading and breaks an arm or a younger brother cuts himself on broken glass and requires stitches, someone should administer first aid until the injured person receives proper medical attention. That someone can be you if you acquire basic first aid knowledge of what to do and not to do in different accident situations. Remember that first aid may mean the difference between life and death, permanent and temporary disability, or long- and short-term recovery for an accident victim. In this learning plan you will learn the steps to take to respond to an emergency or non-emergency situation.
The First Life-Saving StepsIn emergency situations, the people involved may find it difficult to remain calm and think clearly. In the midst of this confusion, one simple trick you can use to remind yourself of the first and most important problems to check for and steps to take are the letters A-B-C.
Controlling BleedingIn an accident situation, you may encounter injured persons bleeding from wounds such as scrapes, cuts, punctures, or tears or gashes in the skin. The deeper a wound, the more serious it is. Mild wounds to the outer layer of skin do not bleed heavily but still require cleaning to avoid infection. Deeper wounds in which arteries and veins are cut can be life threatening. These kinds of wounds may involve great amounts of blood, and blood may often pulse, or spurt out of the wound. Severe bleeding, or hemorrhage, can result in shock or death if not treated promptly. Stopping the loss of blood in these cases is essential. If a victim loses too much blood, even CPR will not keep the person alive, because there will not be enough blood to deliver oxygen from the lungs to the body. In this learning plan you will learn procedures for controlling bleeding.
Treating for Shock and Immobilizing FracturesWhenever you treat someone for a severe injury, you must also treat him or her for shock. Even if an injured person shows no signs of shock, treat them for shock anyway, since shock can follow all major injuries. After treating for shock, take care of broken bones or suspected broken bones. If there is a question of whether or not a bone is broken, treat it as if it were broken anyway. Follow the first aid procedures for splinting a fracture carefully, since more damage can occur if a fracture is handled improperly. In this learning plan you will learn the first aid procedures for treating shock, fractures, sprains and strains.
First Aid for Burns
Burns can result from sources of heat, electricity, and chemicals. In situations where people are injured by these sources, your first aid knowledge should include how to treat them. In this Learning Plan you will learn about the different types of burns, how to treat them, and ways to prevent them.
First Aid for Poisons, Wounds, and Bruises
As consumers, we buy more than a quarter of a million different household products - materials used in and around the house for medication, cleaning, cosmetic purposes, exterminating insects, and killing weeds. These items are valuable in the house and for yard maintenance, but misuse, especially when products are used in inappropriate applications or quantities, can cause illness, injury, and even death. In this learning plan you will learn how to provide first aid treatment for various kinds of poisonings, wounds, and bruises.
Participating in any vigorous outdoor exercise or activity on an extremely hot day can lead to serious injuries if you are not prepared. Knowing how to recognize the signs and symptoms of heat related injuries could help you prevent a life-threatening accident. In this learning plan you will learn how to provide first aid for heat related injuries.
Cold Weather Injuries
It is common to think that only in areas where snow and frost are present, people are susceptible to cold weather injuries. Prolonged exposure to low temperatures, wind or moisture - whether it is on a ski slope or in a stranded car - can result in cold-related injuries such as frostbite and hypothermia, no matter where you live if you are not prepared. In this learning plan you will learn the first aid treatment for cold weather injuries.
Bites, Stings, and Poisonous Hazards
With so many outdoor activities to participate in, such as hiking, camping, bicycle riding, skate boarding, and skiing, it is common to come across emergencies involving bites, stings, and poisonous hazards. It is estimated that one of every two Americans will be bitten at some time by an animal. Dogs are responsible for about 80 percent of all animal-bite injuries. Depending upon where you live, the type of first aid you need to know for snakebites and plants will vary. Knowing what to do when in the outdoors can mean the difference between life and death. In this learning plan you will learn first aid procedures for treating bites, stings, and poisonous hazards such as poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac.
Use and Effects of Drugs, Alcohol, and Substances
Data presented by the teenGetgoing website advocated by the JROTC Program notes that teen alcohol and drug trends suggest that 90 percent of teens will “use” alcohol and/or other drugs during adolescence. Fifty percent of teens will “abuse” alcohol and/or drugs and 15 percent will become “addicted” while still in adolescence! Look around your classroom. What kind of numbers does this represent? This lesson plan will present the latest information about alcohol and drugs and allow you to process it in a way that is meaningful both to you and your community.
Critical Decisions about Substances
Do you know the difference between substance use, misuse and abuse? Can you recognize the symptoms of each? Substance abuse is a social dilemma — impacting families, employers, friends and even school systems. In this learning plan you will examine the types of behaviors and characteristics similar in substance abusers and apply appropriate responses to substance use and abuse situations.
Unit 5 Geography and Earth Science: Introduction to Maps
Knowing how to read maps is a skill that can strengthen your awareness of the world around you. Your effective use of maps requires a basic understanding of them, their scales, symbols and colors. In this learning plan you will examine types of situations that require map reading skills and will use these skills to orient a map.
Unit 6 Citizenship in American History and Government: The Preamble
The Preamble to the Constitution of the United States establishes the purpose of the Constitution. It acts as a “Mission Statement” for the framers of the Constitution. In this learning plan you will analyze the Preamble to determine the goals, the beneficiaries and the responsible parties. You will also write a Preamble or Mission Statement for your role as a citizen of the United States.
The Preamble to the United States Constitution sets the stage for the success of our nation. Individual values, which are also important to the success of our nation, are inferred from the Preamble and are called Citizenship Skills in the Cadet Citizenship Training Program. These Citizenship Skills are basic human values envisioned by the Founding Fathers when they drafted the Constitution. In this learning plan you will explore the relationship between the values described in the Preamble and the 7 Citizenship Skills and you will assess how these skills are demonstrated in the lives of citizens today.
Small Group Meetings
Citizens participate in two types of Citizen Action Group meetings: small group meetings and representative group sessions. In this learning plan you will examine the process and purpose of small group meetings. You will also practice using the seven citizenship skills as you participate in small group meetings.
Representative Group Session
A Representative Group Session takes place when many small groups combine into a larger group to share information about a specific issue. Representatives are elected from each small group. These representatives then hold a meeting that is observed by all of the small groups. In this learning plan you will examine the purpose and process of Representative Group Session. You will also practice preparing for and participating in the Representative Group Session.
Introduction to Chief Justice®
Chief Justice is an educational game designed to give you an appreciation of the United States Constitution and our democratic form of government. The complete game contains 100 critical thinking questions that incorporate some of today’s most important moral and ethical issues. In this lesson you will explore and practice using the components of the Chief Justice game process.
Our Natural Rights
Natural rights philosophers such as John Locke explored ideas about the laws of nature and natural rights of all people. This learning plan will explore how the Founders ideas of government supported Locke’s philosophy of natural rights. Through discussion and reflection activities, you will compare how Locke’s definition and philosophy are similar or different to the natural rights protected by our government today.
Developing Republican Government
The Founders were influenced by many ancient thoughts and ideas. From the Roman perspectives of classical government to the Judeo-Christian traditions of moral obligation, our government began to shape into what Americans experience and enjoy as privilege today. In this lesson you will explore how the ancient world influenced republican government and how modern ideas of individual rights developed.
British Origins of American Constitutionalism
The American colonial period lasted for 150 years. The Founders were loyal subjects of the British crown and were proud to enjoy the rights of Englishmen as protected by the English constitution. The Founders were greatly impacted by the English form of government, which ultimately influenced the creation of United States Constitution. In this lesson you will explore how the establishment of representative government in British history influenced the Founders and helped establish some of our most important constitutional rights today.
Colonial Government - Basic Rights and Constitutional Government
In this lesson you will consider why the American colonists who founded your country decided to seek independence from England. You will examine how the Founders carefully crafted the Declaration of Independence to summarize their reasons for seeking independence and to lay the groundwork that would give us a government that would better protect our rights. Finally, you will have an opportunity to judge if the rights the American colonists worked to protect measure up to today’s equal rights expectations.
The American Revolution returned the colonists to a state of nature. Colonial governments under British authority ceased to exist. New governments would have to be created, a task the newly independent states initiated soon after the war commenced. In this learning plan you will examine the main features of the written constitutions the thirteen new states created using the basic ideas of the natural rights philosophy, republicanism, and constitutional government.
Articles of Confederation 1781
[Take from the Purpose of Lesson] The first government created by the Founders did not work well. Knowing the shortcomings of that government is important in understanding that unless a government is organized properly, it may not work very well. It also helps in understanding why our government is organized the way it is. In this learning plan you will find out why the Founders created the Articles of Confederation the way they did and the problems that resulted from a weak national government.
Creating Our Constitution
[Take from the Purpose of Lesson - We The People Lessons 111-12] The second U.S. Constitution was written at a convention held in Philadelphia in 1787. Both the New Jersey and the Virginia delegates to the convention submitted plans to organize the new national government. In this Learning Plan you will learn how the Philadelphia Convention came to be, the major issues that were discussed and debated, and the role that the New Jersey and Virginia plans played in creating the Constitution.
Balancing the Power
The Framers of the Constitution addressed a variety of concerns, issues and problems as they worked to establish the national government. Specific powers were granted and denied to each of the three branches of government: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. This distribution of power resulted in a balance of power designed to keep any one branch from becoming too powerful. In this learning plan you will explore how the Framers addressed a variety of issues and concerns facing them as they established the national government and how they distributed power among the three branches of government.
Protection of Rights Within the Justice System
In this lesson, you examine how provisions of the Fifth through Eighth Amendments protect the rights of people accused of crimes and put on trial. You will review the importance and history of each right and learn about the right to counsel and its role in the American judicial system. Additionally, you will take a close look at the Supreme Court rules concerning the death penalty and issues involved in allowing capital punishment.
Military Justice System
Military personnel do not have the same basic national rights and freedoms as civilians. In order for the armed forces to function efficiently, military personnel must give up some of their personal liberties and conform to military standards. In this learning plan you will explore the history and function of the military justice system and note the similarities and differences to federal and state justice systems.
Roles of Citizens
In this lesson you will examine the American citizenship and its relationship to the natural rights philosophy, republicanism, and constitutional democracy. You will examine the characteristics of effective citizenship, explore the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, and determine the qualities citizens need to develop to become effective citizens in our society.
New Citizenship and Constitutional Issues
In this learning plan you will explore three trends that may impact citizenship in the future: 1) the increasing diversity of American society 1) the impact of modern technology and 3) America’s growing interdependence with the rest of the world. In addition, you will examine some constitutional issues facing the United States. Finally, you will predict how these issues and trends might affect your life as an American citizen over the next 10 years.
Constitutionalism and Other Countries
We often examine constitutionalism primarily within the context of the American experience. By itself this perspective is too narrow, especially in today’s world. In this lesson you will look at other traditions of constitutional government and at the many experiments in constitutionalism now taking place in the world. You will examine the historical impact of American constitutionalism on other countries and compare the American view of human rights with the views held by the international community.
Orientation to Service Learning
John F. Kennedy reminded Americans to “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.” Take a look around you. There are many problems and people in need. Service learning experiences can become the starting point for reaching out — doing something good for those around you and making the world a better place. In this learning plan you identify the components of service learning and begin planning how you can help make a difference in your community.
Plan and Train for Your Exploratory Project
There are several things to consider before undertaking service learning. Planning ahead will prepare you mentally and physically to undertake the challenge. Before you select your own service learning project, you will learn how to plan a service learning project by planning an exploratory service learning project. In this learning plan you will work with a team to plan an exploratory service learning project and demonstrate the steps to conducting a proper service learning experience.
Project Reflection and Integration
Now that you have an idea of what service learning is all about, what comes next? After the exploratory project, you will be able to determine and conduct appropriate service learning activities. In this learning plan you will evaluate the effectiveness of the exploratory project completed in Lesson 2, as well as consider new ideas for integration throughout the JROTC curriculum.